For Students

What is Self-Directed Learning (SDL)?

Self-directed learning (SDL) involves initiating
personally challenging activities and developing personal knowledge and skills
to pursue the challenges successfully (Gibbons, 2002).
For students engaged in self-directed learning, there will be:
# Ownership of Learning
  1. Management and Monitoring of Own Learning
  2. Extension of Own Learning


What are some indicators of SDL?

Students who are self-directed learners might display some of the following behaviours:

Construct 1: Ownership of Learning1. Student sets learning targets for himself/herself.

Construct 2: Management and Monitoring of Own Learning2. Student knows which parts of the lessons he/she does not understand.3. Student asks questions when he/she is not sure about the lessons.4. Student looks for more information to help him/her understand the lessons better.5. Student makes a list of what he/she needs to do for his/her learning.6. Student completes his/her schoolwork on time.7. Student tries to understand where he/she went wrong in his/her schoolwork.8. Student tries different ways to solve problems on his/her own.

Construct 3: Extension of Own Learning9. Student uses what he/she learns in class after his/her lessons.10. Student finds out more than what his/her teachers teach him/her in school.11. Student uses the computer to
  • go online to ask people outside his/her school for ideas on his/her lessons;
  • become better at a skill that he/she is interested in e.g. learn a language; and/or
  • get ideas from different websites and people to learn more about a topic.